| Philadelphia was a center of agitation
before the Revolution. It was a center for resistance to the
Stamp Act in 1765, and also joined Boston in opposition to
the Intolerable Acts. Conversely, there were also some Pennsylvanians
who were limited in their support, such as the Half and Half
Whigs, who did not show support for the Stamp Act, and some
pacifist Quakers were against violence soley on principle.
But it was at Independence Hall, in Philadelphia, where the
meetings of the Continental Congress took place. This became
the birthplace of the Declaration of Independence. Pennsylvania
was strongly entrenched in the fighting of the Revolution,
and Pennsylvanians took part in nearly every campaign, including
the Siege of Boston in August of 1775, and the Canadian Campaign
in 1776. In the summer of 1777, the British invaded Philadelphia,
overtaking control. A new strategy and an alliance with the
French, negotiated by Benjamin Franklin, helped to recapture
Philadelphia. In addition to the soldiers, Pennsylvania's
industry produced much of the arsenal for the war, including
canons, swords, pikes, gunpowder and muskets.
University of California, Santa Barbara
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