| Historians are unsure if the early
voyages of the English, Spanish or French ever led them to
the Pennsylvania area, but it is known that Captain John Smith
ventured up the Susquehanna River and visited the Susquehannock
Indians in 1608.
In 1609, Henry Hudson, an Englishman in the Dutch service,
sailed into the Delaware Bay and claimed the area for Holland.
Trading posts were later established in the area by the Dutch
in 1647. Although the Dutch had visited the area earlier and
set up these trade posts, it was the Swedes who were the first
to firmly settle the area. In 1638, the Swedes established
the colony of New Sweden which would endure for nearly twenty
years. With competing interests in the area, the Dutch and
Swedes eventually came into conflict over the territory, and
in 1655 the governor of New Netherlands seized New Sweden
and made it a part of the Dutch Colony. The territory was
once again seized in 1644, this time by the English in the
name of the Duke of York.
University of California, Santa Barbara
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